Guide to Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support (2024)

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Form I-134 Explained

What is Form I-134?

Financial sponsors for certain non-citizen visitors use Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support, to remove the public charge grounds for inadmissibility. The declaration is a way for non-immigrant visitors (visa holders and parolees) to the United States to prove that they have the financial support to pay their way during a trip. Prior to April 2022, this form was known as “I-134 Affidavit of Support.” The U.S. government wants reassurance from foreign travelers that they will not become dependent on financial support from the U.S. government during the course of the visit. Support from a U.S. resident is a way of providing this reassurance that the non-immigrant visitor will not be a public charge (depend on the government for financial support).

Supporters are generally U.S. citizens, U.S. nationals or lawful permanent residents. In some cases, supports may be non-immigrants who are residing and employed inside the United States. In some case, the non-immigrant beneficiary may even file on their own behalf.

Determining household size and household income for your place of domain can be difficult. When preparing the Declaration of Financial Support on, our step-by-step online service empowers you make these determinations correctly. See how CitizenPath helps you >>

The U.S. government defines a public charge as a person who is likely at any time to become primarily dependent on the government for subsistence. The U.S. government may deny admission to any non-citizen who is determined to be a public charge.

In other words, immigration officials will generally deny entry to the U.S. if they believe a foreign national visitor is unable to pay their expenses during the trip. Public charge is one of the grounds of inadmissibility that can prevent a non-citizen from entering or re-entering the U.S. Therefore, it's essential to "remove" these grounds. In some cases, Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support, can help a non-immigrant visitor remove the public charge grounds of inadmissibility. Learn more about public charge >>

Form I-134 is sometimes confused with Form I-864, Affidavit of Support. For intending immigrants applying for a green card, Form I-864 is generally a requisite part of the application package. Most green card applicants use the I-864 affidavit as a means to remove the public charge ground of inadmissibility. On Form I-864, a U.S. citizen or permanent resident acts as a sponsor that promises to repay the government if the intending immigrant should ever depend on certain public benefits.

Generally, temporary visitors use Form I-134 and intending immigrants submit Form I-864. For persons who enter as a K-1 fiancé and then adjust status to green card holder, it may be possible that you'll use both forms. Immigration officials may request the I-134 declaration at the time of the K-1 application. USCIS generally requires an I-864 affidavit with all family-based adjustment of status applications.

USCIS Form I-134A is different than Form I-134. Form I-134A is the online version of the form. It is called the Online Request to be a Supporter and Declaration of Financial Support and can be found on the USCIS website. As indicated in the name, beneficiaries may not file Form I-134A on their own behalf. (Certain I-134 beneficiaries may submit the form on their own behalf.) USCIS is using the I-134A to facilitate larger humanitarian programs right now. Therefore, you may only file Form I-134A if you are agreeing to financially support a:

If you are agreeing to support a beneficiary seeking humanitarian parole who is not applying for parole under Uniting for Ukraine or the Process for Cubans, Haitians, Nicaraguans, and Venezuelans, you must file a paper Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support, along with Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, through the appropriate Lockbox location.

The Need for a Declaration of Financial Support

When is Form I-134 required?

Before the U.S. government grants a visa or humanitarian parole, visitors must demonstrate to consular officer that they are not likely to become a public charge. In other words, the visa applicant must prove that he or she has enough money to pay for their expenses during the course of the trip. Expenses may reasonably include transportation, food, lodging, and even potential medical treatment.

Some non-immigrant visitors have plenty of assets (like real estate, personal property, cash accounts, etc.) and can more easily document their ability to pay for all expenses during a trip to the U.S. For others, this may be difficult to prove. Visitors without many financial resources may run into a problem. It might include young people, low-income travelers and others. These individuals may use Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support, as a way to overcome the problem.

Some of the most common uses of Form I-134 include but are not limited to:

  • B-2 visa visitors
  • K-1 fiancé visa holders
  • Humanitarian parole applicants

It also may be necessary to submit Form I-134 for a B, F, or M non-immigrant requesting extension of stay or change of status. This form may also be requested by the U.S. Department of State in certain instances.

Qualified I-134 Supporters

Who can file Form I-134?

To support a non-immigrant visa holder or parolee, the supporter files a Declaration of Financial Support. Generally, the supporter must have income that is at least 100 percent of the federal poverty guidelines.

In order to be a qualified I-134 supporter, the person must:

  • Be a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, permanent resident (or certain non-immigrants);
  • Have income that meets or exceeds 100% of the federal poverty guidelines; and
  • Be willing to support the non-immigrant should they be unable to pay expenses during the stay in the U.S.

By signing Form I-134, a supporter is not agreeing to pay all of the visitor’s expenses. In fact, the foreign national visitor may plan to cover all of their own expenses during the course of the trip. The declaration is simply a reassurance to the U.S. government that the supporter will step in should the foreign national ever be unable to pay their own expenses during their stay in the U.S.

Most immigration attorneys consider Form I-134 to be unenforceable. In practice, it’s virtually impossible for a foreign national to receive public assistance. What’s more, the government does not have the resources to track down and enforce the guarantees.

Individuals supporting a beneficiary with a K visa should demonstrate a higher income if possible. That's because the beneficiary will also need to file Form I-864, Affidavit of Support, at the time of applying for the green card. I-864 sponsors generally need to have income that's at 125 percent of the federal poverty guidelines. However, it is possible for a joint sponsor to help out.

Form I-134 Instructions

How do I fill out I-134?

CitizenPath's easy-to-use website helps you prepare the declaration quickly and accurately. Our online service provides step-by-step I-134 instructions so that you can fill out the form in the same day. We even give you a money-back guarantee that USCIS will approve your declaration.

If you prefer to fill out the Form I-134 PDF, you can download instructions from USCIS or follow this summary of directions.

  • Type or print answers in black ink only.
  • Enter “N/A” if an answer is not applicable and "NONE" if your answer is zero.
  • Foreign language documents must be accompanied by a full English certified translation.
  • Submit photocopies for all supporting documents unless an original document is specifically required.
  • You do not need to notarize Form I-134. However, the form must have the beneficiary's or supporter's actual signature in black ink. Do not use a digital signature. You may scan the original signed document.

Part 1

  • For Basis for Filing, indicate your specific role. Generally, an individual who agrees to provide financial support to the beneficiary acts as the supporter. In some rare cases, the beneficiary may file a declaration on behalf of themself.

Part 2

  • For Information about the Beneficiary, provide all requested details regarding the non-immigrant beneficiary who needs the I-134 declaration. Take care to ensure information matches details provided by the beneficiary in other documents such as the visa application.
  • For Beneficiary's Anticipated Length of Stay, supply the dates that the beneficiary expects to be in the United States. You'll need to be familiar with the specific visa type. For example, B-2 visas are valid for a maximum stay of 6 months, and a K-1 visa is valid for 90 days.
  • For Beneficiary's Financial Information, provide information regarding the beneficiary's income and assets. While this is less important for beneficiaries who will have another individual as the supporter, it is critical for beneficiaries that want to file on their own behalf.

Part 3

  • For Information about the Individual Agreeing to Financially Support the Beneficiary, provide all requested details regarding the U.S. citizen, national or permanent resident who will be the I-134 supporter.
  • For Immigration Status, indicate your citizenship status or other qualified supporter status.
  • For Employment Information, provide information regarding the supporter's employment status or other if retired.
  • For Financial Information, provide information regarding the supporter's income and assets. Ensure that these financial resources meet or exceed the federal poverty guidelines for the household size. The household size will include the supporter, the supporter's dependents, and the beneficiary.
  • For Financial Responsibility for Other Beneficiaries, the supporter should disclose any other I-134 beneficiaries whom they have supported. Any beneficiaries who have not yet departed the U.S. will likely affect USCIS's determination.
  • For Intent to Provide Specific Contributions to the Beneficiary, indicate if you intend to provide support (cash or non-cash) for the beneficiary during the trip. This may include room and board, cash, or other support.

Parts 4, 5, 6, and 7

  • For Beneficiary's Statement, complete this section only if you are the beneficiary and selected "Myself as the beneficiary" in Part 1 of Form I-134. Provide reliable contact information and sign your declaration with black ink.
  • For Statement of Individual Agreeing to Financially Support the Beneficiary, complete this section only if you are the supporter and selected "Another individual who is the beneficiary" in Part 1 of Form I-134. Provide reliable contact information and sign your declaration with black ink.
  • For Interpreter and Preparer, provide information if applicable. If you prepared your Form I-134, it’s only necessary to sign as the beneficiary or supporter. If another person translated or prepared the declaration for you, be sure Parts 6 and 7 are filled in and signed appropriately.

This is an abbreviated list of Form I-134 instructions. We highly recommend that you download USCIS instructions or use CitizenPath’s service to prepare the declaration. CitizenPath provides specific, step-by-step instructions customized to your situation. You’ll also get detailed I-134 instructions that explain which supporting documents to submit, how to organize, and where to submit.

Form I-134 Supporting Documents

What do I have to send with the form?

When filing an I-134 declaration, you must include supporting documents that corroborate the facts stated on the form. In other words, you need to submit evidence that helps prove your statements are true. Of course, the income and/or assets stated on Form I-134 are some of the most important information to support with documentation.

Generally, you'll need to include the following supporting documents with the I-134 form:

  • Evidence of Identity
    This includes a government-issued photo identification that evidences your your identity, including status as a U.S. citizen, national, permanent resident, or other qualified non-immigrant.
  • Proof of Income
    Supporters who are employed with a company or organization can submit a W-2, employment letter, and a federal tax return to meet this requirement. However, individuals that don’t have W-2 employment can have a more difficult time. Self-employed supporters will need to provide copies of bank statements to show regular deposits that match the stated income and copies of 1099s. Again, tax returns can help establish a history.
  • Beneficiary's Own Resources
    If the beneficiary will be using their own resources to qualify, income documents from U.S. employment (as described above) may be used. Additionally, they may submit a statement from an officer of the bank or other financial institution with deposits that describes the date account opened; total amount deposited for the past year; and present balance.

Would you like a list of specific documents to submit with your form? When you prepare your declaration with CitizenPath, we'll create customized filing instructions for your situation (based on your answers the I-134). You'll know exactly which items to submit and how to do it. See how >>

As the beneficiary or the person who agrees to financially support the beneficiary, you must show you have sufficient income or financial resources to support the beneficiary. Failure to provide adequate supporting documentation with Form I-134 may result in the denial of the foreign national’s application for a visa or his or her removal from the United States.

Filing the Declaration of Financial Support

Can I file Form I-134 online?

At this time, you can only file Form I-134 online if you are in the United States and are agreeing to financially support:

All other I-134 supporters should forward the original signed form to the non-immigrant beneficiary. The beneficiary should include it with their non-immigrant visa application or take it to the U.S. consulate where they will apply for a visa or humanitarian parole.

The entire Declaration of Financial Support package (Form I-134 and all supporting documents) must be submitted in one package. The beneficiary's case may be significantly delayed if he/she doesn’t submit all of the documents at the same time.

How CitizenPath Helps You

Is there an inexpensive way to file the I-134 declaration?

CitizenPath's affordable, online service makes it easy to prepare Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support. Designed by immigration lawyers, the Declaration of Financial Support Package helps you eliminate the common errors that create delays, rejections and even denials. That's because the service alerts you when your answer to a question may be a problem. You'll also get customized filing instructions based on your situation. It's a powerful, do-it-yourself tool that puts you in control. And we've got your back -- CitizenPath provides live customer support and provides a money-back guarantee that the supporter will qualify. Get started >>


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Frequently Asked Questions

When sponsoring a non-immigrant visitor, you must file a separate Form I-134 for each beneficiary you are planning to support, including minor children. Therefore, a family of four would need four separate forms (including supporting documentation).

Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support, is not a standard form when applying for a U.S. visitor visa. The DS-160 online visa application will ask questions regarding a B-1/B-2 visa applicant's finances. A consular officer will review these answers to analyze a person's ability to afford the trip and ties to the home country for the purposes of overcoming the presumption of immigrant intent.

Generally, a visa applicant should only submit the I-134 declaration when it is requested by the embassy or consulate.

You must sign Form I-134 using your full name. Signing Form I-134 is under penalty of perjury under U.S. law. For this reason, you do not need to sign Form I-134 in front of a notary or have your signature notarized after you sign it.

The list of supporting documents submitted with Form I-134 for your situation is based on your answers in the form. See supporting documents above. For an exact list to match your situation, use CitizenPath's Declaration of Financial Support Package to prepare the form and generate custom filing instructions.

What Customers Say About CitizenPath

Guide to Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support (2024)


How much money do you need for affidavit of support on I-134? ›

For a household of four, a sponsor on an I-134 or a supporter on an I-134A residing in one of the lower 48 states in 2023 would need to evidence income of $30,000, while the equivalent sponsor on an I-864 would need to evidence $37,500. Does each parole applicant need a separate I-134 or I-134A? Yes.

How do I prove my income on I-134? ›

A signed statement from your employer on business letterhead that states the date and nature of your employment, salary paid, and whether the position is temporary or permanent. A copy of your last U.S. federal income tax return, or a report of commercial rating concern (if self-employed).

What financial evidence is needed for affidavit of support? ›

A copy of your individual federal income tax return, including W-2s for the most recent tax year, or a statement and/or evidence describing why you were not required to file. Also include a copy of every Form 1099, schedule, and any other evidence of reported income.

What documents are needed for I-134A support? ›

If you are filing Form I-134A with a co-supporter, they are subject to the same financial evidentiary requirements and should submit financial evidence such as bank statements, a letter from their employer, and income tax returns.

Can I have a joint sponsor for I 134? ›

Joint sponsors are permitted when the petitioner cannot meet the income requirements or has died before all family members have immigrated.

How much is the Affidavit of support fee? ›

Coming to the United States Permanently - Immigrant Services
Diversity Visa Lottery fee (per person applying as a DV program selectee for a DV category immigrant visa)$330.00
Affidavit of Support Review (only when reviewed domestically)$120.00

How much is sufficient income for I134? ›

For the I-134 declaration to carry any weight, you'll need to provide evidence of your income and/or financial resources. Generally, you must have an income that is at least 100% of the federal poverty guidelines.

What are the income requirements for I 134 in 2024? ›

2024 Income Requirements for Green Card Sponsors

The most common minimum annual income required to sponsor a spouse or family member for a green card is $25,550. This assumes that the sponsor — the U.S. citizen or current green card holder — is not on active military duty and is sponsoring only one relative.

Do I need a bank statement if I have a sponsor? ›

If You Have A Sponsor

If a sponsor funds your trip, you will still have to provide some show money through your bank statement. They will still want to confirm that you can support yourself financially unless, in the case of a minor or a student being sponsored by their parents.

How do you prove financial support? ›

Acceptable Evidence of Financial Support
  1. Bank statements indicating required currency amount in liquid asset form (cash deposits, certificates of deposit, savings accounts)
  2. Investment statements indicating liquid assets.
  3. Scholarship letters.
  4. Governmental funding.

How much bank balance is required for an Affidavit of support? ›

The net value of assets must be at least five times the difference between the sponsor's income and 125 percent of the poverty guideline for the household size.

How to make an Affidavit of financial support? ›

Required Documentation

Family/Relative/Personal Sponsor(s) Official bank statement (six-month history) or official bank letter (on bank letterhead and signed) from sponsor(s). Sponsor(s) must sign Verification A on the form.

What happens after I-134A is approved? ›

We will determine whether the Form I-134A is sufficient, and we may request additional evidence to make our determination. If approved, beneficiaries will receive an email from USCIS with instructions on how to set up a USCIS online account and other next steps.

How do you know your I-134A is approved? ›

Case status inquiries: You can check the status of your Form I-134A in your USCIS online account or via Case Status Online. The USCIS Contact Center can only give you the same case status information that you see in your USCIS online account.

What is the difference between I 134 and I-134A? ›

USCIS Form I-134A is different than Form I-134. Form I-134A is the online version of the form. It is called the Online Request to be a Supporter and Declaration of Financial Support and can be found on the USCIS website. As indicated in the name, beneficiaries may not file Form I-134A on their own behalf.

Do I have to pay for Affidavit of support? ›

You must pay the Affidavit of Support fee for each case unless you are petitioning for your spouse and/or child(ren) and submit your Affidavit of Support for each case to the NVC at the same time.

Who can file I 134 Affidavit of support? ›

Who May File Form I-134? You may file this form on behalf of yourself or on behalf of a B, F, or M nonimmigrant requesting extension of stay or change of status.


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